Saturday, August 29, 2015

Deng Yaping

 

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This is a Chinese name; the family name is 邓 Deng.
Deng Yaping
Deng Yaping.jpg
Deng Yaping at Summer Olympics 1996
Personal information
Native name 邓亚萍
Full name DENG Yaping
Nationality  China
Born February 5, 1973 (age 42)
Zhengzhou, Henan, China
Deng Yaping (simplified Chinese: 邓亚萍; traditional Chinese: 鄧亞萍; born February 5, 1973 in Zhengzhou, Henan province, China) is a Chinese table tennis player, who won six world championships and four Olympic championships between 1989 and 1997. She is regarded as one of the greatest players in the history of the sport.

Contents

Career

Deng began playing table tennis at age five, and four years later she won her provincial junior championship. She was age 13 when she won her first national championship.
Despite her success, she was initially denied a spot on the national team because she was so short (she stood only 1.5 metres [4 feet 11 inches] tall). Her talent, however, could not be denied, and she was finally included on the national team in 1988. She teamed with Qiao Hong to win her first world championship title in the women's doubles competition in 1989. Two years later in 1991, Deng won her first singles world championship.
At the 1992 Olympics in Barcelona, Spain, she won a gold medal in both the singles and doubles competitions and repeated the feat at the 1996 Olympics in Atlanta, USA. She also earned singles and doubles titles at the 1995 and 1997 world championships.
When she retired at the age of 24, she had won more titles than any other player in the sport, including four Olympic gold medals, and had been World Champion 18 times. From 1990 to 1997, she retained the title of world No. 1 ranked female table tennis player for 8 years. She was voted Chinese female athlete of the century, and joined the International Table Tennis Federation Hall of Fame in 2003.

Successes

  • 40th World Table Tennis Championship (1989) Women's Double Gold.
  • 1st Table Tennis World Cup (1990) Women's Team Gold.
  • 41st World Table Tennis Championship (1991) Women's Single Gold, Women's Double Gold.
  • 2nd Table Tennis World Cup (1991–1992) Women's Team Gold, Women's Double Gold.
  • 25th Olympic Games (1992) Table Tennis Women's Single Gold, Women's Double Gold.
  • 42nd World Table Tennis Championship (1993) Women's Team Gold, Women's Double Silver.
  • 43rd World Table Tennis Championship (1995) Women's Team Gold, Women's Single Gold, Women's Double Gold, Mixed Double Silver.
  • 4th Table Tennis World Cup (1995) Women's Team Gold
  • 26th Olympic Games (1996) Table Tennis Women's Single Gold, Women's Double Gold.
  • 44th World Table Tennis Championship (1997) Women's Team Gold, Women's Single Gold, Women's Double Gold, Mixed Double Silver.

Life after retirement

After retiring at the end of the 1997 season, Deng served on the International Olympic Committee's ethics and athletes commissions. She is also a member of the elite Laureus World Sports Academy, and a member of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.
She gained a bachelor's degree from Tsinghua University, a master's degree from the University of Nottingham, and as of March 2006,[1] was continuing to study for a PhD. in Land Economy at the University of Cambridge (Jesus College). Her research work coincides with her professional focus on the marketing, management and development of the 2008 Beijing Olympics as a member of the Beijing Organizing Committee.
In 2007, she married Lin Zhigang, also a table tennis player, and later gave birth to a baby boy.
In 2008, she received a PhD degree from Cambridge. Her thesis title is: "The impact of the Olympic Games on Chinese development: A multi-disciplinary analysis".
In 2010, she attracted controversy due to comments she made. A student asked her, "how can one get promoted quickly?" She answered, "when your personal value overlaps with the interests of the state, you value will be enlarged without limit."[2] Later, she also said, "in the 62 years since the establishment of The People's Republic of China, the People's Daily have not published a single piece of fake news."[2]

Tuesday, August 18, 2015

Lawrence, Nassau County, New York

  1.  

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Not to be confused with Lawrence, St. Lawrence County, New York.
    Lawrence, New York
    Village
    Village of Lawrence
    Location in Nassau County and the state of New York.
    Location in Nassau County and the state of New York.
    Lawrence, Nassau County, New York is located in New York
    Lawrence, Nassau County, New York
    Location within the state of New York
    Coordinates: 40°36′34″N 73°43′36″WCoordinates: 40°36′34″N 73°43′36″W
    Country United States
    State New York
    County Nassau
    Area
     • Total 4.7 sq mi (12.2 km2)
     • Land 3.8 sq mi (10.0 km2)
     • Water 0.8 sq mi (2.2 km2)
    Elevation 20 ft (6 m)
    Population (2010)
     • Total 6,483
    Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
     • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
    ZIP code 11559
    Area code(s) 516
    FIPS code 36-41553
    GNIS feature ID 0955101
    Website www.villageoflawrence.org
    Lawrence is a village in Nassau County, New York in the USA. As of the United States 2010 Census, the village population was 6,483.
    The Village of Lawrence is in the southwest corner of the Town of Hempstead, adjoining the border with the New York City borough of Queens to the west and near the Atlantic Ocean to the south. Lawrence is one of the "Five Towns", which consists of the villages of Lawrence and Cedarhurst, the hamlets (unincorporated areas) of Woodmere and Inwood, and "The Hewletts", which is made up of the hamlet of Hewlett together with the villages of Hewlett Bay Park, Hewlett Harbor and Hewlett Neck, along with Woodsburgh.[1]

    Contents

    Old Lawrence

    Old Lawrence, or Back Lawrence, is a part of the Village of Lawrence, comprising many large homes, mansions, beach side villas and former plantations with very large property, a few dating back to the time of the American Revolution. This area, like Hewlett is unique because its rural affluence is similar in character to the more well known Gold Coast of the North Shore instead of being more urbanized like the rest of the South Shore of Nassau County. An interesting pre-Revolutionary home on Long Island, Rock Hall, was home to two prominent families, the Martins and Hewletts, and is now an active museum.
    During the second half of the 19th century, it was a main vacation spot for the rich families until the 1890s. A series of hurricanes and nor'easters altered the coastline considerably and destroyed a large beachfront hotel. Lawrence could no longer boast direct access to the sands along the Atlantic Ocean. At the same time, Lawrence began to become more like a modern suburb, a village with schools, public facilities, better roads and a large town area that expanded into what is now today.
    Lawrence, or most notably Old Lawrence, was formerly home to a large upper class of White Anglo-Saxon Protestant families that lived there since the time of the American Revolution. From the 1940s to 1980s, it became a center of Reform and Conservative Jewish life that included the largest Reform synagogue on Long Island (Temple Israel). Many noteworthy residents grew up in Lawrence during this period.
    In the late 1980s, it saw a large migration of Modern Orthodox Jews. The Orthodox Jewish communities are close to the more Haredi nearby center of Far Rockaway which has more yeshivas for the children and younger members as well as a variety of kosher restaurants and communal organizations. Central Avenue in Lawrence (and its continuation in Cedarhurst) has a large and growing number of kosher restaurants and other business catering to the Orthodox community.

    Geography

    U.S. Census Map
    Lawrence is located at 40°36′34″N 73°43′36″W.[2]
    According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 4.7 square miles (12.1 km2), of which, 3.8 square miles (10.0 km2) of it is land and 0.8 square miles (2.2 km2) of it (17.91%) is water.

    Demographics

    Historical population
    Census Pop.
    1890 626
    1900 558
    −10.9%
    1910 1,189
    113.1%
    1920 2,861
    140.6%
    1930 3,041
    6.3%
    1940 3,649
    20.0%
    1950 4,681
    28.3%
    1960 5,907
    26.2%
    1970 6,566
    11.2%
    1980 6,175
    −6.0%
    1990 6,513
    5.5%
    2000 6,522
    0.1%
    2010 6,483
    −0.6%
    Est. 2014 6,553 [3] 1.1%
    U.S. Decennial Census[4]
    As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 6,522 people, 2,113 households, and 1,629 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,694.6 people per square mile (654.1/km2). There were 2,287 housing units at an average density of 594.2 per square mile (229.4/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 95.2% White, 1.1% African American, <0.1% Native American, 1.7% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.0% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.4% of the population.
    There were 2,113 households out of which 37.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.7% were married couples living together, 5.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.9% were non-families. 20.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.09 and the average family size was 3.62.
    In the village the population was spread out with 32.6% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 20.3% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males.
    The median income for a household in the village was $104,845, and the median income for a family was $129,779. Males had a median income of $99,841 versus $41,094 for females. The per capita income for the village was $51,602. About 4.3% of families and 6.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.2% of those under age 18 and 5.8% of those age 65 or over.

    Government

    The Village of Lawrence is governed by an elected Mayor and Board of Trustees. The present Mayor is Martin Oliner, elected in 2010. The Board of Trustees consists of 5 members including the Mayor. Members of the Board of Trustees are as follows:[6]
    • Martin Oliner - Mayor
    • Michael A. Fragin - Trustee
    • C. Simon Felder - Trustee
    • Irving Langer- Trustee
    • Alexander Edelman - Trustee
    Lawrence recently enacted term limits for the Village Board. The Mayor may only serve three two year terms and trustees are limited to four two year terms.

    Representation within wider government

    Education

    The Lawrence Public Schools, School District 15, serve the communities of Atlantic Beach, Cedarhurst, Inwood, Lawrence, and sections of Woodmere and North Woodmere.
    The Hebrew Academy of the Five Towns and Rockaway, is a K-12 Modern Orthodox school where students study Jewish and secular subjects in a dual curriculum. The Pre-School, Kindergarten and Elementary schools are located on one campus on Frost Lane and Washington Avenue.
    The Brandeis School is a conservative Jewish Day School located in Lawrence.
    Mesivta Ateres Yaakov is a yeshiva located in Lawrence.
    Rambam Mesivta is also located in Lawrence on Frost ave. It is for grades 9-12 where students learn a dual curriculum of Jewish and Secular studies.
    Lawrence is also home to the Shor Yoshuv Institute, a Rabbinical College with several hundred students.

    Transportation

    The Lawrence station provides Long Island Rail Road service on the Far Rockaway Branch to Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan and Atlantic Terminal in Brooklyn with connections at Jamaica to other parts of Long Island.
    The n31 and n32 buses of Nassau Inter-County Express run down Central Avenue extending southwest into Far Rockaway (with a connection to the A train of the New York City Subway at Far Rockaway – Mott Avenue) and northeast to the Hempstead Transit Center in central Nassau County with connections to other parts of Long Island.
    A 5-mile drive up Rockaway Turnpike takes you to the Belt Parkway, the Van Wyck Expressway, the Cross Island Parkway, Southern State Parkway and John F. Kennedy International Airport.
    Lawrence is connected to Atlantic Beach to the south, across Reynolds Channel via the Atlantic Beach Bridge.

    Emergency services

    The Nassau County Police Department provides police services in Lawrence and most of Nassau County. Lawrence is part of the force's Fourth Precinct.[7]
    Lawrence is served by the Lawrence-Cedarhurst Fire Department. The LCFD consists of 85 volunteer firefighters and emergency medical technicians[8] and provides fire protection to the villages of Lawrence and Cedarhurst, as well as the North Lawrence Fire District and East Lawrence Fire District. The LCFD also responds to alarms such as car accidents and aided cases on the Atlantic Beach Bridge.

    Notable residents

    Notable current and former residents of Lawrence include:

    References


  2. Barron, James. "IF YOU'RE THINKING OF LIVING IN: FIVE TOWNS", The New York Times, July 10, 1983. Accessed May 20, 2008. "The basic five are Lawrence, Cedarhurst, Woodmere, Hewlett and Inwood. But the area also includes some unincorporated communities and two tiny villages, Hewlett Bay Park and Woodsburgh, that are not added to the final total."

  3. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.

  4. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.

  5. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.

  6. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

  7. Village of Lawrence Website

  8. 4th Precinct, Nassau County Police Department. Accessed August 20, 2007.

  9. Lawrence Cedarhurst Fire Department, FireDepartments.net. Accessed March 9, 2008.

  10. "Burstein Brings an Edge to Attorney General's Race" - New York Times, August 7, 1994, Accessed May 3, 2008

  11. "INTERVIEW; Her Winning Way With Fashion", Van Gelder, Lawrence, The New York Times, October 16, 1977; Accessed September 15, 2008

  12. "'Bored? Creatively I'm Bored, But...'", Berkvist, Robert, New York Times, March 19, 1972; Accessed September 15, 2008

  13. "BRINGING IT BACK HOME. Steve Madden's new ad campaign focuses on his fashion center - Queens", Dominguez, Robert, Daily News (New York), October 19, 2006; Accessed September 15, 2008

  14. "FILM; 'Amongst Friends' Tops Off a Journey Of Self-Discovery", Lyall, Sarah, The New York Times, July 18, 1993; Accessed September 18, 2008

  15. "Nascent Hall of Fame to Welcome First Honorees", 'Fischler, Marcelle, The New York Times, October 15, 2006; Accessed November 26, 2007

Friday, August 7, 2015

Port Jackson

 

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Sydney Harbour" redirects here. For other uses, see Sydney Harbour (disambiguation).
For other uses, see Port Jackson (disambiguation).
Port Jackson
Sydney Ferry.jpg
A Sydney Catamaran ferry on Sydney Harbour
Location Sydney, New South Wales
Coordinates 33°51′30″S 151°14′00″ECoordinates: 33°51′30″S 151°14′00″E
River sources Parramatta, Lane Cove, Middle Harbour
Ocean/sea sources Tasman Sea of the South Pacific Ocean
Basin countries Australia

Islands Clark, Shark, Goat, Fort Denison
Settlements Sydney
Port Jackson, comprising the waters of Sydney Harbour, Middle Harbour, North Harbour and the Lane Cove and Parramatta Rivers, is the natural harbour of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The harbour, the largest natural harbour in the world, is an inlet of the Tasman Sea (part of the South Pacific Ocean). It is the location of the Sydney Opera House and Sydney Harbour Bridge. The location of the first European settlement in Australia, Port Jackson has continued to play a key role in the history and development of Sydney.
Many recreational events are based on or around the harbour itself particularly the Sydney New Year's Eve celebrations and the starting point of the Sydney to Hobart yacht race.
The waterways of Port Jackson are managed by the NSW Roads and Maritime Services. Sydney Harbour National Park protects a number of islands and foreshore areas, swimming spots, bushwalking tracks and picnic areas.[1]

History

Sydney Cove, Port Jackson in the County of Cumberland - from a drawing made by Francis Fowkes in 1788.
Clipper ships in Darling Harbour in 1900
The land around Port Jackson was occupied at the time of the European arrival and colonisation by various tribes including the Gadigal, Cammeraygal, Eora and Wangal peoples. The Gadigal people are said to have occupied the land stretching along the south side of Port Jackson from what is now South Head, in an arc west through to Petersham. The Cammeraygal lived on the northern side of the harbour. The area along the southern banks of the Parramatta River, west of Petersham to Rose Hill, was reported to belong to the Wanegal. The Eora people lived on the southern side of the harbour, close to where the First Fleet settled.
The first recorded European discovery of Sydney Harbour, was by Lieutenant James Cook in 1770 - Cook named the inlet after Sir George Jackson, (one of the Lord Commissioners of the British Admiralty, and Judge Advocate of the Fleet).[2] His ship's log notation states "at noon we where...about 2 or 3 miles from the land and abrest of a bay or harbour within there appeared to be a safe anchorage which I called Port Jackson."
Eighteen years later, on 21 January 1788, after arriving at Botany Bay, Governor Arthur Phillip took a longboat and two cutters up the coast to examine Cook's Port Jackson. Phillip first stayed over night at Camp Cove, then moved down the harbour, landing at Sydney Cove and then Manly Cove before returning to Botany Bay on the afternoon of 24 January. Phillip returned to Sydney Cove in HM Armed Tender Supply on 26 January 1788, where he established the first colony in Australia, later to become the city of Sydney. In his first dispatch from the colony back to England, Governor Phillip noted that:[3][4]
"...we had the satisfaction of finding the finest harbour in the world, in which a thousand sail of the line may ride in the most perfect security..."
— Governor Arthur Phillip, 15 May 1788.
The Great White Fleet, the United States Navy battle fleet, arrived in Port Jackson in August 1908 by order of U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt. From 1938, seaplanes landed in Sydney Harbour on Rose Bay, making this Sydney's first international airport.

Battle of Sydney Harbour

Further information: Attack on Sydney Harbour
A Japanese Ko-hyoteki class midget submarine M-21 being raised from Taylor's Bay, Sydney Harbour on 1 June 1942.
In 1942, to protect Sydney Harbour from a submarine attack, the Sydney Harbour anti-submarine boom net was constructed. It spanned the harbour from Green (Laings) Point, Watsons Bay to the battery at Georges Head, on the other side of the harbour. On the night of 31 May 1942, three Japanese midget submarines entered the harbour, one of which became entangled in the western end of the boom net's central section. Unable to free their submarine, the crew detonated charges, killing themselves in the process. A second midget submarine came to grief in Taylor's Bay, the two crew committing suicide. The third submarine fired two torpedoes at USS Chicago (both missed) before leaving the harbour. In November 2006, this submarine was found off Sydney's Northern Beaches.[5]
The anti-submarine boom net was demolished soon after World War II, and all that remains are the foundations of the old boom net winch house, which can be viewed on Green (Laings) Point, Watsons Bay. Today, the Australian War Memorial has on display a composite of the two midget submarines salvaged from Sydney Harbour.[6][7] The conning tower of one of the midget submarines is on display at the RAN Heritage Centre, Garden Island, Sydney.[8]

Fortifications

Further information: Sydney Harbour defences
Fort Denison is a former penal site and defensive facility occupying a small island located north-east of the Royal Botanic Gardens in Sydney Harbour.
There are fortifications at Sydney Heads and elsewhere, some of which are now heritage listed. The earliest date from the 1830s, and were designed to defend Sydney from seaborn attack or convict uprisings. There are four historical fortifications located between Taronga Zoo and Middle Head, Mosman, they are: the Middle Head Fortifications, the Georges Head Battery, the Lower Georges Heights Commanding Position and a small fort located on Bradleys Head, known as the Bradleys Head Fortification Complex. The forts were built from sandstone quarried on site and consist of various tunnels, underground rooms, open batteries and casemated batteries, shell rooms, gunpowder magazines, barracks and trenches.[9][10]

Geography

The harbour is the focal point for Sydney's New Year's Eve celebrations.
The Sydney central business district skyline viewed from the harbour.
Geologically, Port Jackson is a drowned river valley, or ria. It is 19 km long with an area of 55 km². The estuary's volume at high tide is 562 million cubic metres. The perimeter of the estuary is 317 kilometres. It is the largest natural harbour in the world.[11][12]
According to the Geographical Names Board of New South Wales, Port Jackson is "a harbour which comprises all the waters within an imaginary line joining North Head and South Head. Within this harbour lies North Harbour, Middle Harbour and Sydney Harbour."[13]
Port Jackson extends westward from the single entrance known as Sydney Heads (North and South Heads) and encompasses all tidal waters within North Harbour, Middle Harbour, Sydney Harbour, Darling Harbour, Parramatta River and Lane Cove River.[14]
The harbour is heavily embayed. The bays on the south side tend to be wide and rounded, whereas those on the north side are generally narrow inlets. Many of these bays include beaches. Sydney's central business district extends from Circular Quay.

Islands

There are several islands within the harbour, including Shark Island, Clark Island, Fort Denison, Goat Island, Cockatoo Island, Spectacle Island, Snapper Island and Rodd Island. Some other former islands, including Bennelong Island, Garden Island and Berry Island, have subsequently been linked to the shore by land reclamation. Exposed at low tide is Sow and Pigs Reef, a well-known navigation obstacle near the main shipping lane.

Tributaries and waterways

Port Jackson as seen from the air.
  • Tank Stream was a fresh water course emptying into Sydney Cove. Today it is little more than a storm water drain but originally it was the fresh water supply for the fledgling colony of New South Wales in the late 18th century. It originated from a swamp to the west of present day Hyde Park and at high tide entered Sydney Cove at the intersection of Bridge and Pitt Streets.
  • Middle Harbour is the northern arm of Port Jackson. It begins as a small creek (Middle Harbour Creek) at St Ives.[15] It joins the main waterway of Port Jackson between the two headlands, Middle Head and Grotto Point Reserve, adjacent to the Sydney Heads.
  • Parramatta River is the western arm of Port Jackson. The river begins at confluence of Toongabbie Creek and Darling Mills Creek west of Parramatta and joins the main waterway of Port Jackson between Greenwich Point, Greenwich, and Robinsons Point, Birchgrove.[16]
  • Lane Cove River rises near Thornleigh and flows generally south for about 15 kilometres (9.3 mi). Its catchment area is approximately 95.4 square kilometres (36.8 sq mi).
  • Tarban Creek, a northern tributary of the Parramatta River, enters Port Jackson at Hunters Hill.
  • Johnstons Creek is located in the inner-western suburbs of Glebe, Annandale, Forest Lodge and Stanmore. It rises in Stanmore and flows in a generally northward direction towards Rozelle Bay. The creek passes beneath the stands of Harold Park Paceway prior to emptying into Rozelle Bay at Bicentennial Park Glebe. Orphan School Creek is a tributary of Johnstons Creek.
  • Duck River is a perennial stream and southern tributary of the Parramatta River.
Sydney Harbour at night, with the Opera House and Harbour Bridge

Infrastructure

Bridges

The ANZAC Bridge is on the righthand side with Glebe Island and White Bay on the lefthand side. Sydney Harbour Bridge and the CBD is in the background
Port Jackson is bridged from north to south by the Sydney Harbour Bridge, the Gladesville Bridge, the Ryde Bridge, and the Silverwater Bridge.
Other bridges spanning Port Jackson waterways are Pyrmont Bridge spanning Darling Harbour; the ANZAC Bridge (formerly known as the Glebe Island Bridge), spanning Blackwattle Bay; the Iron Cove Bridge spanning Iron Cove; the Spit Bridge spanning Middle Harbour; the Roseville Bridge spanning Middle Harbour; the Tarban Creek Bridge spanning Tarban Creek.

Tunnels

A road tunnel, the Sydney Harbour Tunnel passing underneath the Harbour to the east of the bridge was opened in August 1992.
In 2005, 2010 and in 2014 the NSW Government proposed a rail tunnel be constructed to the west of the Sydney Harbour Bridge.

Cruise Ship Terminals

Cruise ship in Sydney Cove in 2013
Permanent cruise ship terminals are located at the Overseas Passenger Terminal at Circular Quay, Sydney Cove and at White Bay. White Bay's evolution to a cruise terminal came with the closure of Darling Harbour terminal to make way for the Barangaroo development.[17]

Other port facilities

White Bay and adjacent Glebe Island have been working ports since the mid-1800s, handling just about everything from timber and paper, coal, sugar and cement to cars and containers. The NSW Government identified both as vital to the City's economy and in March 2013 announced its commitment to maintaining both as working ports as it frees up neighbouring bays for public access. Glebe Island is Sydney's last remaining deepwater port able to supply the City's ongoing demand for dry bulk goods such as sugar, gypsum and cement.[17]

Maritime transport

Manly Ferry in 1930
Sydney Ferries operate services from Circular Quay to Manly, Mosman, Taronga Zoo, Watsons Bay, Rose Bay, Darling Harbour, Balmain, Parramatta, Milsons Point and other destinations.
Water taxi and water limousine operators offer transport not restricted by timetables or specific routes, and can also provide a service to or from private wharfs and houses on the waterfront. Sightseeing harbour cruises are operated daily from Circular Quay. Whale watching excursions are also operated from Port Jackson.
The Mortlake Ferry, also known as the Putney Punt, crosses the Parramatta River, connecting Mortlake and Putney.

Maritime Heritage

Sydney Heritage Fleet, Rozelle Bay
Australian National Maritime Museum, at Darling Harbour, has themed exhibitions ranging from Indigenous lore and European seafaring to aquatic sport and maritime defence.[18]
Sydney Heritage Fleet is a largely volunteer organisation dedicated to the restoration and operation of heritage vessels. The barque James Craig of the SHF sails regularly from Port Jackson.[19]
RAN Heritage Centre at Garden Island has many exhibits, artefacts and documents relating to the history of the Royal Australian Navy.[8]

Derivative unit of measure

A Sydharb is a unit of volume used in Australia for water. One sydharb (or sydarb), also called a Sydney Harbour, is the amount of water in the Sydney Harbour (Port Jackson): approximately 500 gigalitres (410,000 acre·ft).[20]

Gallery